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What is START?


Young people of color in the United States are exposed to violence and trauma at higher rates than youth in general. Likewise, research has shown a disparity in access to health care, appropriate diagnosis, and accessible treatment. To address these issues and better serve the health needs of young people of color, Youth ALIVE! and The Center for Nonviolence and Social Justice, in partnership with The California Endowment, endeavored to develop a tool for screening and intervention related to trauma. From August 2013 through April 2014, our researchers designed and conducted a series of four focus groups with African-American and Latino males in Oakland aged 18-30 with known histories of firearm assault injuries, and then 69 structured interviews with a similar population but without violent injury as inclusion criteria. Results from this initial research indicated that this tool could have momentous impact. This research laid the groundwork for the development of START.

From March 2015 to December 2017, Youth ALIVE! piloted START at various local schools and youth and young adult-serving organizations. We offered it for free. The results have shown, after a month, decreased trauma-related problems, like poor sleep or trouble concentrating.

Learn More

For more information regarding START results, click here.

Read about what we learned in our Healing in Color action brief series:

Watch our webinar (Release Date: January 11, 2018)

Bring START to your organization.


START wouldn’t be possible without the contributions of partners and staff to its development. Below is a list of contributors:

Linnea Ashley, MPH, National Training and Advocacy Director, Youth ALIVE!

Nicky MacCallum, LMFT, NCC – Clinical Director, Youth ALIVE!

Anne Marks, MPP, Executive Director, Youth ALIVE!

Ted Corbin, MD, MPP, Medical Director, Healing Hurt People

John Rich, MD, MPH, Director, Center for Nonviolence and Social Justice

START Advisory Board Members:

Rene Macias
Howard Pinderhughes
Trina Thompson
Dalila Butler
Natasha Vinakor
Christopher Chatmon
Angela Jenkins
Jen Matthews
Daniel Mora
Castle Redmond
Barbara McClung
Marc Philpart
Greg Victorino
Paul Flores
John A. Rich
Arnold Chavez
Theodore Corbin
David Muhammad
Jean Eason Jr
Jeremy Posey